Today in history: the national lottery administration is established

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National Lottery Administration established

July 5 is the 186th (187th leap year) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 179 days left until the end of the year.

Railways

  • July 5, 1952 2 motorized trains taken from Germany cover 140 km. speeding.

Olaylar

  • 1687 – Isaac Newton publishes his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica.
  • 1770 – The Battle of Cesme took place between the Russian and Ottoman fleets. The Russian Navy completely destroyed the Ottoman Navy.
  • 1811 – Venezuela declares its independence from Spain.
  • 1830 – France occupies Algeria.
  • 1921 – Italian troops withdraw completely from Antalya.
  • 1924 – VIII. The Olympic Games have started in Paris. at the Olympic Games in which 42 countries participated; Germany did not participate due to its problems with France.
  • 1932 – Antonio de Oliveria Salazar is appointed head of the fascist regime in Portugal.
  • 1937 – Record temperature in Saskatchewan, Canada: 45 ° C.
  • 1939 – The National Lottery Administration is created.
  • 1940 – II. Second World War: the United Kingdom and Vichy France sever their diplomatic relations with each other.
  • 1941 – II. Second World War: German troops reach the Dnieper River.
  • 1946 – French fashion designer Louis Réard presents the two-piece swimsuit he calls the “Bikini” in Paris. The swimsuit was named after Bikini Island in the Pacific, where the United States was testing the atomic bomb.
  • 1950 – Korean War: first engagements between American and North Korean troops.
  • 1954 – The BBC broadcasts its first newscast.
  • 1954 – Elvis Presley records his first song.
  • 1962 – Algeria declares independence from France.
  • 1964 – Retired Colonel Talat Aydemir is executed. Aydemir retired on February 22, 1962 due to the attempted coup. When Aydemir repeated his attempt on May 20, 1963, he was tried and sentenced to death.
  • 1970 – Canadian Airways passenger plane crashes near Toronto International Airport, killing 108 people.
  • 1971 – The voting age in the United States is lowered from 21 to 18.
  • 1977 – Pakistani Chief of Staff Zia ul Haq staged a coup; Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto has been arrested.
  • 1989 – Iran-Contra Scandal: Oliver North is sentenced to 3 years imprisonment, 2 years probation, a fine of $ 150,000 and 1,200 hours of voluntary community service.
  • 1989 – TV series Seinfeld ‘The first part has been published.
  • 1993 – Başbağlar Massacre. Three days after the Sivas massacre, 3 people, including women and children, allegedly committed by the PKK in retaliation for this incident, were killed in the village of Başbağlar in the Kemaliye district of Erzincan.
  • 1996 – A sheep named Dolly became the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell.
  • 1998 – Japan sends a spacecraft to Mars and becomes the third country for space exploration after the United States and Russia.
  • 2003 – An explosion occurred at the Ofisi gas station on Ankara İncesu Street. In the disaster, more than 14 people died and more than 200 people were injured. Thanks to the on-site intervention of its authorities, the capital narrowly avoided a major disaster.
  • 2006 – North Korea tests six short and medium range missiles and one long range missile.
  • 2020 – General elections are held in Dominica.

births

  • 1802 – Pavel Nahimov, Russian admiral (died 1855)
  • 1805 – Robert FitzRoy, English meteorologist and sailor (died 1865)
  • 1810 – PT Barnum, American businessman and “Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey” (d. 1891)
  • 1820 – William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish engineer, physicist and mathematician (died 1872)
  • 1853 – Cecil Rhodes, English politician and businessman (died 1902)
  • 1857 – Clara Zetkin, German revolutionary socialist politician and women’s rights activist (d.1933)
  • 1872 – Édouard Herriot, French politician (died 1957)
  • 1873 – Eugene Lindsay Opie, American physician and pathologist (died 1971)
  • 1889 – Jean Cocteau, French poet, novelist, painter and director (died 1963)
  • 1891 – John Howard Northrop, American chemist and Nobel laureate in chemistry (d. 1987)
  • 1904 – Ernst Mayr, German-American evolutionary biologist (died 2005)
  • 1911 – Georges Pompidou, French politician (died 1974)
  • 1926 – Salvador Jorge Blanco, President of the Dominican Republic (died in 2010)
  • 1928 – Pierre Mauroy, French Prime Minister (died in 2013)
  • 1928 – Warren Oates, American actor (died 1982)
  • 1932 – Gyula Horn, Prime Minister of Hungary (died in 2013)
  • 1946 – Gerard ‘t Hooft, Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate in physics
  • 1950 Huey Lewis, American musician
  • 1952 – Nesim Malki, Turkish businessman and money lender of Jewish origin (d. 1995)
  • 1956 – Horacio Cartes, Paraguayan statesman
  • 1956 – Ahn Ho-young, South Korean diplomat
  • 1957 – Cem Toker, Turkish politician
  • 1958 – Avigdor Liberman, Israeli politician
  • 1958 Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist (died 1996)
  • 1963 – Edie Falco is an American actress in theater, film and television.
  • 1964 – Piotr Nowak, Polish footballer
  • 1965 – Reha Özcan, Turkish actress
  • 1966 – Gianfranco Zola, Italian footballer
  • 1967 – Steffen Wink, German actor
  • 1968 – Michael Stuhlbarg is an American actor.
  • 1969 – RZA, Grammy Award-winning American record producer, rapper, writer, actor, screenwriter and director
  • 1973 – Marcus Allback, former Swedish international football player
  • 1973 – Róisín Murphy, Irish singer, songwriter and producer
  • 1974 – Marcio Amoroso, Brazilian football player
  • 1975 – Ai Sugiyama, Japanese professional tennis player
  • 1975 – Hernan Crespo, Argentine footballer
  • 1975 – Sebahat Tuncel, Turkish politician of Kurdish origin
  • 1976 – Nuno Gomes, former Portuguese football player
  • 1976 – Çiğdem Can Rasna, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1977 – Nicolas Kiefer is a German tennis player.
  • 1977 – Royce da 5’9 ″, an American rapper
  • 1978 – İsmail YK, Turkish singer
  • 1979 – Amélie Mauresmo, French tennis player
  • 1979 – Barış Çakmak, Turkish film actor
  • 1979 – Stilian Petrov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1980 – David Rozehnal, former Czech international football player
  • 1980 – Tanem Sivar, Turkish presenter
  • 1981 – Ryan Hansen, American actor and comedian
  • 1982 – Tuba Büyüküstün, Turkish television actress
  • 1982 – Alberto Gilardino, former Italian international football player
  • 1986 – Eshkan Dijage, Iranian national football player
  • 1986 – Piermario Morosini, Italian football player (died in 2012)
  • 1987 – İlkin Tüfekçi, Turkish film and television actress
  • 1988 – Samir Ujkani, Kosovo national football player
  • 1989 – Dejan Lovren, Croatian national football player
  • 1989 – Sean O’Pry, American model
  • 1992 – Alberto Moreno, Spanish football player
  • 1996 – Dolly, the first cloned mammal (d. 2003)

Armed

  • 967 – Murakami, 62nd Emperor of Japan in traditional succession (born 926)
  • 1044 – Samuel Aba, Hungarian king who reigned from 1041 to 1044 (born in 990)
  • 1572 – Longqing, 12th Emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China (born 1537)
  • 1833 – Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor (first photographed) (born in 1765)
  • 1884 – Victor Massé, French opera composer and music teacher (born 1822)
  • 1911 – Johnstone Stoney, Anglo-Irish physicist (born 1826)
  • 1920 – Max Klinger, German Symbolist painter and sculptor (born 1857)
  • 1927 – Albrecht Kossel, pioneering German biochemist and geneticist (born 1853)
  • 1932 – René-Louis Baire, French mathematician (born in 1874)
  • 1938 – Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democratic politician, one of the theorists of Austrian Marxism (born 1881)
  • 1943 – Franco Lucchini, Italian ace pilot of WWII (born 2)
  • [1945-JohnCurtinwasanAustralianpoliticianwhowasthe1941stAustralia’sfirstadministratorfrom1945untilhisdeathin14(b[1945-JohnCurtinétaitunhommepolitiqueaustralienquiaétéle1941ePremierministred’Australiede1945jusqu’àsamorten14(b
  • [1945–JuliusDorpmuelTransportMinisteroftheGermanReichfrom1937to1945(born1869)[1945–JuliusDorpmuelerministredesTransportsduReichallemandde1937à1945(néen1869)
  • 1948 – Carole Landis, American actress (born in 1919)
  • 1950 – Salvatore Giuliano, Sicilian peasant (born in 1922)
  • 1952 – Safiye Ali, Turkish physician (born 1894)
  • 1964 – Talat Aydemir, Turkish soldier and leader of failed coup attempts on February 22, 1962 and May 20, 1963 (born 1917)
  • 1968 – Hermann-Bernhard Ramcke, II. German general in World War II (born 1889)
  • 1969 – Walter Gropius, German architect and one of the founders of the Bauhaus movement (born 1883)
  • 1975 – Otto Skorzeny, German Schutzstaffel military (born 1908)
  • 1983 – Harry James, actor and trumpeter (born 1916)
  • 1983 – Hennes Weisweiler, German football player and coach (born 1919)
  • 1987 – İdris Küçükömer, Turkish economist and thinker (born 1925)
  • 2001 – George Dawson, American author (born 1898)
  • 2001 – Hannelore Kohl, first lady, wife of former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl (born 1933)
  • 2002 – Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (born 1924)
  • 2008 – Adil Erdem Bayazıt, Turkish writer, poet and deputy (born 1939)
  • 2008 – Hasan Doğan, Turkish businessman and president of the Turkish Football Federation (born 1956)
  • 2010 – Nasr Hamid Abu Zaid, scholar and Islamic thinker (born 1943)
  • 2013 – Daniel Wegner, American social psychologist (born 1948)
  • 2015 – Yoichiro Nambu, American physicist of Japanese origin (born in 1921)
  • 2017 – Pierre Henry, French composer (born in 1927)
  • 2017 – Joaquín Navarro-Valls, journalist, doctor and Spanish scholar (born in 1936)
  • 2018 – Claude Lanzmann, French filmmaker, director and writer (born in 1925)
  • 2018 – Ed Schultz, American radio and television host (born 1954)
  • 2019 – Joel Holden Filártiga, Paraguayan doctor, artist and human rights activist (born 1932)
  • 2019 – John McCririck, British horse racing expert, television personality and journalist (born 1940)
  • 2020 – Ragaa Al Geddawy, Egyptian actress (born 1934)
  • 2020 – Antônio Bivar, Brazilian writer (born in 1939)
  • 2020 – Nick Cordero, Canadian actor (born 1978)
  • 2020 – Ayatollah Durrani, Pakistani politician (born 1956)
  • 2020 – Cleveland Eaton, black American jazz guitarist, record producer, arranger, composer, broadcaster and producer (born 1939)
  • 2020 – Bettina Gilois, German-American screenwriter and author (born 1961)
  • 2020 – Mahendra Yadav, Indian National Congress politician (born 1950)


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